A burn is damage to the skin’s tissues that is usually caused by exposure, in some way, to extreme heat. Burns can be caused by direct exposure to fire, hot liquids, or heat from a source of extreme heat such as a furnace. Burns can also be caused by exposure to chemicals, electricity, and extreme weather such as sun or cold.
Burns are separated into three categories depending on how deeply the burn has affected the tissue. These three categories, once referred to as first, second, and third degree burns, are now referred to as superficial, partial thickness, and full thickness.
A superficial burn is limited to the epidermis, or top layer of skin. These burns appear pink or red are painful and oversensitive to touch. Superficial burns heal more quickly and leave less obvious scars, if any.
Partial thickness burns are deeper than superficial burns. They are usually very red and moist. Partial thickness burns take longer to heal and, depending on the depth of the burn may require skin grafting treatments.
Full thickness burns damage the tissue extensively and may cause immense swelling. With a full thickness burn, the skin may appear charred, or once-charred skin has been removed it would appear white, but are usually not as painful due to the destruction of the nerve endings caused by the burn itself.
Some burns require treatment from a specialized burn unit due to the type or severity of the burn. Chemical burns, burns involving the face, hands, feet and other delicate areas of the body, full thickness burns, partial thickness burns that occur over more than ten percent of the body, and inhalation injuries are among the many burns requiring specialized treatment.
The plastic surgeons at The Centre, P.C. treat patients suffering from a burn injury. The patient will be evaluated by the physician to determine the course of treatment and whether or not a skin graft is required. The plastic surgeons at The Centre, P.C. also see patients who have recovered from their burns and have limited range of motion due to the scar tissue. Through scar revision techniques, our plastic surgeons are able to help the patient regain mobility and function of the affected area.
At The Centre for Working Hands, our therapists treat patients with burn injuries for wound management, scar management, swelling reduction, therapeutic exercises to maintain range of motion and functional strength and functional splinting if required.
For more information on reconstructive surgery and scar revision, please contact our specialized staff at The Centre, P.C. to schedule your consultation.